Health means work-related health which is about the impact work can have on people’s health. In the past, it is called occupational health.
Duty of care to Workers, and the requirements to provide for a Worker’s health and safety under the Health and Safety at Work Act 2015 (HSWA).
An officer is a person who holds a very senior leadership position in the business, and has the ability to significantly influence the management of a business or undertaking. A business can have more than one officer.
Officers have a duty of due diligence to ensure their business understands and manages its key health and safety risks. This includes taking reasonable steps to:
A PCBU may be a person if a sole trader or self-employed, however it usually refers to a business entity such as a company, or an undertaking such as a not-for-profit organisation.
The difference between a business and undertaking is:
The primary duty of care is broad overarching duty which includes, but is not limited to, a business having effective practices in place for:
Reasonably practicable, in relation to the duty to ensure health and safety, means that, which is, or was, at a particular time, reasonably able to be done in relation to ensuring health and safety, taking into account and weighing up all relevant matters including:1. The likelihood of the hazard or the risk concerned occurring; and 2. The degree of harm that might result from the hazard or the risk; and 3. What the person concerned knows, or ought reasonably to know, about: a. The hazard or the risk; and b. Ways of eliminating or minimising the risk; and c. The availability and suitability of ways to eliminate or minimise the risk; and d. After assessing the extent of the risk and the available ways of eliminating or minimising the risk, the cost associated with available ways of eliminating or minimising the risk, including whether the cost is grossly disproportionate to the risk.
A worker is an individual who carries out work in any capacity for a business or undertaking. This includes
Certain volunteers are classed as volunteer workers. A volunteer is a ‘volunteer worker’ when:
You are not a volunteer worker if your work is:
Examples of others in a workplace include:
Workplace means a place where work is carried out for a business or undertaking including place where a worker goes, or is likely to be, while at work. Place includes vehicle, vessel, aircraft, ship, or other mobile structure; as well as any waters and any installation on land, on the bed of any waters, or floating on any waters.